How to Make Your Parking Garage Durable
It is good to invest in a building in a future. There are many considerations to make when building a parking garage while it is still being designed because the life of your parking garage depends on it. Here are the tips for designing your parking garage so that it will stand the test of time.
Details matter when you are designing and constructing something, so you should choose a designer that has focus on thoroughness and attention to detail. If you want a design that will help increase the life span of the structure, you need to have a detailed structure that addresses serviceability concerns like concrete shrinkage, deflection, thermal movement, steel corrosion, and other concerns that will make the structure have a long life. Make you design team engaged throughout the entire construction and include the provisions of the International building code for structural tests and special inspections so that the contractor’s work will be evaluated for compliance with the intent of the design.
Joints and exposed steel connections are present in precast concrete for your garage. In order for the precast concrete garage not to deteriorate quickly you need to make sure that they are detailed and constructed properly. The least that can be done is to have all exposed steel connections and embedded plates to be hot-dipped galvanized.
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If your concrete structure is cast-in-place and post-tensioned, then you should make sure to use encapsulated tendons and the concrete mix design is proportioned for durability, with admixurers that resist freeze -thaw action and reduce permeability.
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If you increase the protective concrete cover over the embedded reinforcing steel, then it is another easy way of achieving improved durability. For surfaces exposed to de-icing chemicals and other harsh elements, you need 2 inches of thickness for the surface. With increased cover, the black mild steel reinforcement is recommended, but with less cover it is epoxy coated reinforcement.
For cost in place concrete portions of a structure, electrical conduits should not be embedded in them. This is because a lot of parking garages have been damaged severely from embedded electrical conduit that has corroded and expanded, which has caused delamination and spalling.
The minimum floor slope for positive drainage should be observed to effectively increase a parking structure’s life expectancy. Corrosion caused by contaminated water leaching is reduced.
It is important to have regular maintenance and cleaning of the parking garage. If you want to extend the life of your garage structure then you need to remove harmful elements brought into the garage before they can cause damage, touching up galvanized coating on exposed steel connections, and repairing joint seals and sealants that have failed.
The garage design that does not need a surface applied traffic coating is the design that will ensure durability. IF the garage lacks the best practices to design for durability, then traffic coatings can be used for extending the life of a garage. With traffic coating, it can reduce energy, depending on the goals and maintenance of the facility.